Age classifies how old the rug is. All handmade rugs are placed within these three categories: Antique, Semi-Antique, and Contemporary.
This is a rug layout that has no central or dominant design. In many cases, the motifs on the rug are scattered across the rug.
A rug that is at least 6 decades old is considered Antique.
Motifs are made up of intertwining vines, leaves, branches, or blooms.
A rug in which minor repairs have been made, or may be needed. These repairs could involve warp strands that need attention or the repair or replacement of several knots or fringes.
The dominating color in the rug’s background. Red, blue, beige, and yellow are the most popular background colors and are expressed in many different hues and shades.
The major color of the rug’s border. Red, blue, beige, yellow, and green are the most widely used in a full spectrum of hues and shades.
The interweaving of three or more stands in a diagonally overlapping pattern.
A flat weaving technique in which coloured weft strands make the rug’s foundation.
The various locations where handmade rugs are created. Usually classified as Master Workshop, Workshop, Village, or Nomadic.
These are synthetic products created between the First and Second World Wars for dyeing weaving yarns. They are produced in an unlimited array of beautiful colors and hues. Chrome dyes are colorfast, they keep their bright intensity even when exposed to sunlight and washing.
One of the signatures of handmade rugs. Every handmade rug is identified by its border and background colors. These colors are the result of natural or synthetic dyes.
This characteristic classifies the status of a rug from a quality standpoint. In the handmade rug industry, there are 3 possible conditions: Worn, Average and Fine.
The classification of a handmade rug that is less than 25 years of age.
In handmade rugs, this is the central material used to create its foundation.
Patterns expressed through smooth, flowing, curving lines.
The process of changing the natural color of materials such as wool, silk, and cotton. There are two kinds of dyes: Natural Dyes and Synthetic Dyes.
The handmade rug industry considers a “fine” rug to be in excellent shape without any holes, tears, stains, or prior repair work…
No knots are used in the flat weave technique of creating handmade rugs.
The weft strands are merely passed through the warp strands. The Kilim rug is an example of the flat weave technique.
This is the basic structural element of a handmade rug and consists of Warps and Wefts.
These are the warps that extend from the foundation at the rug’s end.
Their function is to hold the rug together and prevent the wefts from unraveling.
These are handmade rug patterns utilizing straight lines.
The gul, a medallion, is found in Turkoman rugs, and it is named from the Persian word for flower or rose.
Without tying knots, a hand-tufted rug is created.
A hand-tufted rug is created without tying knots into the foundation, but rather by pushing wool or acrylic yarn through a primary backing, creating a “tuft”.
Iran was known as Persia until the 1930s. Iran is believed to produce about three-quarters of all the handmade rugs in the world.
A group of flat-woven rugs.
Rugs that are pile-woven or knotted are produced by knots. The two most used knots are called Asymmetrical and Symmetrical.
Sheared from a sheep’s belly, this is extremely fine wool
The overall arrangement of motifs or objects is woven into a rug.
The warp strands are held taut for knotting and weaving by this structure.
A plant from Southwest Asia that displays little yellow blooms, red roots and leaves.
A characteristic that determines where a handmade rug is actually created.
Special workshops led by well-known designers or artists.
A medallion is a classic rug layout in which a huge centerpiece serves as the design’s focal point.
A rug having a full medallion in the middle and quartered medallions in each corner.
Narrower bands, on each side of the main border, are referred to as minor borders or guard strips.
Any single form or integrated group of forms that make up part of the overall design of a homemade rug.
The direction in which the rug’s pile is facing.
Natural dyes include plant dyes, animal dyes, and mineral dyes. Until the late nineteenth century, these were the only dyes used for coloring weaving yarns.
These are the products of sheepherders who mainly live in tents and migrate from the valleys to the mountain pastures in the summer. Usually, these rugs are small because they have to be completed in time to migrate.
A rug layout in which the design is woven in one direction.
The way lines are used to form shapes on a rug. The handmade rug industry recognizes three classes of patterns: Pictorial, Geometric, and Curvilinear.
This is a pattern in which people and animals are the focus.
The material (fiber) is used for weaving handmade rugs. Cotton, silk, and wool are the primary pile materials.
The rug is woven through the creation of knots.
A long rug that is narrow, and rectangular.
Rugs between 25 and 60 years old.
Is derived from the cocoon of silkworms. It’s an expensive fiber and less used as a pile material in handmade rugs than wool.
The measurements of a rug. Handmade rugs are made in different sizes and shapes. Only rectangular shapes are sold in standard sizes because most handmade rugs are rectangular.
Flat-woven rugs where no knots are used.
It’s the way different motifs, colors, and patterns give character to a rug.
Dyes were made chemically beginning in the mid-nineteenth century for dyeing rug weaving yarns.
A product produced by weaving.
Rugs made by villagers. There, most family members or the women of the family are weavers and work in their homes. More types of rug styles are woven by villagers than by any other weaving category.
Vertical fiber strands.
The technique used in weaving handmade rugs. There are three classic techniques: Pile Weave, Flat Weave, and Hand Tufted.
Horizontal fiber strands.
The coat of sheep. In handmade rugs, wool is the most used pile material.
Where weavers work as employees and highly talented weavers can become master weavers. Workshop weavers are more seasoned and professional than those in nomadic tents or villages.
A continuous strand of twisted threads